Local economic stakeholders
With 3,427km of coastline and more than 7.7 million inhabitants in coastal towns in metropolitan France, maritime zones concentrate a significant number of economic activities important for their development. The local institutional organisations – local authorities, consular organisations, etc. – as well as the industrial clusters which have developed in recent years, play an essential role in supporting professionals as close as possible to their work. They are key links in the implementation of a maritime policy that takes account of the specific social and economic problems of each zone.
ADIR- Association pour le DéveloppementIndustriel de La Réunion
Established on 9 June 1975, the ADIR (Association for the Industrial Development of La Reunion) promotes the development of industry on the island of La Reunion. This association has over 200 member companies from different sectors such as food processing, public works, equipment manufacture, chemistry and other industrial activities, which represent € 2 billion of turnover and around 10,000 workers. ADIR plays an essential role in supporting industrial interests faced with Public and Administrative Authority regulations (local, national, and European). ADIR proposes methods and technical services to its members to improve their industrial and economic performances in the supply chain, freight, maintenance, waste treatment, recycling, energy control, financial engineering, public commissions and human resources. Its communication department has been producing a monthly 40 minute TV economic program for 15 years. ADIR is also a member of the Maritime Cluster of La Reunion.
ANEL- Association Nationale des Élus du Littoral
The National Association of Coastal Local Authorities is a grouping of the regional authorities in the coastal areas of mainland France and the Overseas Territories: maritime municipalities, communities of municipalities and agglomerations, provinces and regions. The Association is a forum where local authorities can share experience among themselves and with public and private partners; it is also a proactive force for innovation. Its mission is to represent local authorities and act as the principal intermediary with central government authorities on issues concerning the sea and coast.
CCI du Havre
The Chamber of Commerce of Le Havre is a public institution that currently represents around 7,000 industrial, commercial and tertiary service companies situated in a region with 29 municipalities. It is a real driving force for local economic development, and is the hub of a dynamic network acting for the creation and development of companies.
Communauté d'Agglomération du Boulonnais
With more than 5,000 jobs linked directly with the maritime economy, France's top fishing port Boulogne - sur - Mer is home to one of the largest fishing clusters in Europe.The fishing port at Capécure – the zone of activit y devoted to the catching, processing and the logistics of fish and related sea produits – is the economic powerhouse of our urban area of 125,000 inhabitants.
The main goal the Communauté d'Agglomération du Boulonnai s (CAB) i s to suppor t the stakeholders of the blue economy on the Côte d'Opale seaboard. Marine renewable energy, biotechnology, sea transport, aquaculture, yachting and cruising are the main areas of priority development where the CAB seeks to develop partnerships with members of the French Maritime Cluster.
Commune de Saint-André
The PIB (Industrial Pole of Bois Rouge) is a major project of economic development for La Réunion island.
The PIB piloted by the GIP established by the Reunion Regional, by the EPCI (Public Intermunicipal Cooperation Institute) CIREST, by Saint-André's Municipality has for ambition to develop the following activities on a land of more than 200 hectares:
- harbour: bulk carrier, carter, energy with the GNL, and complementary to the present Harbour;
- digital technology: green dated to center;
- energies: electric production units, and SWAC;
- formation and research: science park.
Communauté urbaine de Dunkerque
Dunkirk Urban Community (CUD) is a public body for intercommunity cooperation (EPCI). Established in 1968, it was the first voluntary urban community in France. Today it comprises 18 municipalities and contains 200,000 inhabitants.
The usual tasks carried out under the French system of intercommunality (water and waste management, sewerage, urban transpor t, roads…), Dunkirk Urban Community has, over time, been given a number of other remits on matters related with its development and influence: economy, tourism, international relations, sport, culture... In keeping with the objectives set by politicians in the community plan, work is proceeding towards regional development aimed at addressing the specific problems of the industrial hub and port of Dunkirk.
Département de Charente-Maritime
Consisting of 470 km (300 miles) of coastline, Charente-Maritime is a naturally attractive region. The Department helps in the development of its maritime industry generating employment and business innovation (marine, commercial, aquaculture, fishing...).
Le Havre Développement
Le Havre Développement, the economic development agency for the region of Le Havre, supports set-up, investment or development projects in France’s largest port for international trade.
In the maritime sector, Le Havre Développement supports logistic, port and maritime service providers, as well as connected tertiary and industrial activities. The agency is a leader in the development of the regional offshore wind industry industrial platform.
France's largest maritime region, with almost 3,000 km of coastline, Brittany values all its maritime activities: fishing, aquaculture, marine energy, ports, ship building, marine biotechnology, yachting, tourism, cross-channel links (with Ireland, the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands) and links with Spain.
These activities are all drivers for development that the region actively supports, through an ambitious maritime economic development policy.
40,000 jobs in the maritime sector, by direct employment, excluding tourism,
50% of France's marine and maritime research,
50% of France's sea fishing production.
With 215km of coastlines and 70 ports, the Region Languedoc-Roussillon owns a real potential for maritime economics. Basins, canals and the mediterranean sea constitute a great trade network. By developing ports in Sète and La Nouvelle, supporting fishermen, creating new moorings and helping scientific researches, the Region stands by every coastside-inhabitant's side. This is why, after the establishment of the Parc Naturel Marin du Golfe du Lion in 2012, the Parlement de la Mer (Sea Parliament) has been set up in 2013 in order to unite the entire regional community. Today, it is an indispensable tool for enhancing the assets of the mediterranean sea. The Region Languedoc-Roussillon hosted 2013 in Montpellier and Sète the 9th edition of the Assises de l'économie maritime et du littoral (national conference on maritime and coastal economics) and, in 2015, the first european summit of marinas, with over 400 participants.
Région Nord Pas-de-Calais
The Nord Pas-de-Calais Council, with its 113 regional councilors, 5,800 civil servants and a budget of E 2 billion, has owned the ports of Boulogne sur Mer and Calais since 2007. It manages, maintains and develops por t infrastructures, and delegates port operations.
- Boulogne-sur-Mer: N°1 in fishing and seafood processing
- 130 companies accounting for more than 5,000 jobs, 36,000 tonnes of fish caught per year
- 300,000 tonnes of seafood product flow
- 183 fishing boats
- a national competitive cluster for fishing: Aquimer
- Calais: 1st French port for travellers, 30 km from England
- 11 million passengers
- 41 million tonnes of goods transported
- ranked 2nd in Europe for roll-on roll-off freight, with 1,569,000 trucks
The Regional Council of Nord-Pas de Calais in 2011 launched the call for tenders for a public service delegation to the ports of Boulogne-sur- Mer and Calais, including the Calais Port 2015 project.
Région Pays de la Loire
With 450 kilometers of coastline and an annual value added of € 28 billion, the maritime sector plays a significant role in the economy of the Pays de la Loire region.
The maritime economy covers a wide range of domains that include shipbuilding, maritime t ranspor t, f isher ies, por t inf rast ruct ures, biotechnologies, and coastal and maritime tourism, to name just a few. All the actors in the Pays de la Loire region are currently focused on the “blue growth” concept; renewable marine energy, ships and fishing vessels of the future, sustainable sharing and protection of marine resources, etc.
Based both on historic expertise and their status as national leaders in the shipbuilding sector, regional actors are innovating and building on cooperative intelligence initiatives (in particular, within dedicated research centers, or the Neopolia EMR cluster, etc.) that foster the constant reinvention of production techniques. As such, they are paving the way for the Pays de la Loire to legitimately assert itself as the go-to region for the new maritime economy.
The Pays de la Loire region is a technological leader in the renewable marine energy sector and is the driving force behind a number of initiatives:
- defense of projects for offshore wind farms off the coast of the Loire: two wind farms awarded (1/3 of national power): off the coast of Saint- Nazaire and close to the islands of Yeu and Noirmoutier,
- major financial backing of R&D projects linked to the EMR,
- structuring of regional R&D forces through the construction of the Technocampus Ocean platform,
- ongoing financial support for eco-projects run by industrials seeking to diversify towards the EMR,
- development of engineering and a training offer (e.g. wind turbine maintenance training sector).
Syndicat Mixte pour le développementde BrestIroise - SMBI
Created in 1971, the SMBI is a public establishment composed of the Brittany Region, the Department of Finistere, Brest Metropole and the Brest Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Its main purpose is to be the forum for strategic governance of the port of Brest. As such, it is responsible to develop and manage the port development reference scheme.
As part of the development of the Brest port area, it pilots different prospective studies that could lead to investment programmes to provide the port with high-performance infrastructures and industrial-port tools.
The SMBI, for and by the actors it brings together, leads actions of economic exploration in the service of the valorisation of port spaces, including those being created on the polder of the port of Brest.
The aim of Technopôle Brest-Iroise is to get together and support innovative people to galvanize the territory’s development. To do so, it leads a stimulation action between industry, scientific and academic players.
It provides to its members network facilities, identify partnership opportunities, and support their business creation projects.
Technopôle Brest-Iroise runs 2 major projects: Global Sea Campus and Brest Tech +. They provide a strategy so that local social and economic players contribute to their development and the territory’s attractiveness.
Toulon Provence Méditerranée
Since it was established in 2002, the agglomeration community of Toulon Provence Méditerranée, in keeping with its military, naval and industrial past, has developed a maritime strategy. TPM has made the sea a keynote of its economic and tourism policy, through numerous actions such as support for governance and for the projects of several competitiveness clusters, particularly the Mer Méditerranée Cluster (239 projects accredited in August 2014); TPM also encourages businesses to come and set up in the area (Technopôle de la Mer, Marine Activity Park at Saint-Mandrier, Economic Activity Zones …); finally, it invests in higher education and research, as well as in port activities.
Ville de Paimpol
Paimpol is a historic port of unique character and an unmissable stopover on the north coast of Brittany. Paimpol harbour, situated in the heart of the town, enjoys a privileged location where protected natural sites coexist with marine renewable energy projects on the north coast of Brittany.
Paimpol is an excellent starting point for exploring the surrounding area. It is the gateway to Bréhat Island and the Trieux landings from which one can easily continue on to the Channel Islands, England or even Ireland. Surrounded by nature on a wild protected coastline, it offers magnificent walks along its famous cliffs for enjoyment and exploration.
Paimpol harbour is a centre of activity, leisure boating, fishing and oyster-farming. This diversity is the source of its strength and affluence. Actively engaged in maritime activities, Paimpol is seeking to develop its association with the sea by promoting activities in aquaculture and marine biotechnology and by creating business zones for innovative enterprises.