Maritime sector and sustainable development
France plays host to the 21st United Nations Climate Change Conference from 30 November to 11 December 2015. This conference presents an ideal opportunity for those in the maritime economy to seek greater recognition of the ocean’s role in the climate system. Its notable absence from most discussions on climate change has prompted the formation of an alliance between scientists, business networks and non-governmental organisations within the Ocean and Climate Platform, resulting in the production of scientific reports and educational brochures all aimed at placing the ocean at the forefront of climate negotiations.
The Ocean, the lungs of our planet
Plankton play a vital role in marine ecosystems, being the very first link in the marine food chain and accounting for more than 95% of the marine biomass. It is a remarkably diverse organism yet much remains to be discovered, as was revealed in the work published by TARA in June 2015 following its scientific campaign.
In the climate system, vegetable plankton (or microalgae) are of fundamental importance as they act through photosynthesis to absorb carbon dioxide (CO2), while producing more than 50% of the oxygen in the air that we breathe.
In addition, the calcareous shell species of plankton also play a part in carbon capture by storing it in their shells in the form of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) (see illustration).
The Ocean, earth's climate controller
Under the effect of the sun's rays, the water in the ocean (which makes up 97% of the water on the earth) heats up, evaporates into the atmosphere, falls as rain over land or sea, and ends up back in the ocean (see illustration).
However, under the effects of climate change and pollution from mainly land based sources, damage is being done to the ocean with sometimes disastrous consequences: rising sea levels (forecasts of 18 to 59 cm by 2100), rising temperatures and acidification (+30% in 250 years).
The water cycle is also accelerating, increasing the trend towards more climatic events considered as extreme: fierce rain storms, long periods of drought, frequent cyclones...
The Ocean, an environment to be preserved
Heathly oceans and their biodiversity are essential for the ecological and climatic balance of our blue planet.
The stateholders of the maritime economy, who are the hardest hit by these changes, know full well that the sea is a promising but fragile environment. So they have rallied together in a quest for constant innovation to reduce the impact of their activities and also to find solutions for preserving or restoring ecosystems. They believe that it is possible to find a balance between economic development and ecological sustainability, wich will allow an equitable exploitation of the oceans and their ressources by present generations, without endangering these resources for future generations
Environmental organisations and campaign groups
Agence des Aires Marins Protégées
the agence des aires marines protégées is a national public entity under the Ecology Ministry's supervision.
Its aims are to support public policies in the field of MPA, to give technical and administrative support to the network of MPA managers and to maqnage the human and financial resources allocated to the marine nature parks implemented by the agence. The agence is also an essential agent for spatial management of the Franch maritime zone and for defining a marine strategy in France.
It enchances france's capacity in international negotiations related with the sea. MPA are marine nature parks and public maritime property under the juridiction of the coastal conservatory, national parks, nature reserves, Natura 2000 sites and areas under biotope protection orders, as well as those designated made under international conventions.
These areas have boundaries determinated on the basis of their natural heritage value, the signifant ecological functions they perform and the uses made of them.
Their objective, usually combiner with aim of sustainable use, is to protect the environment. frnace, as the second economic about these issues.
France's Grenelle de la Mer Round table, instigated by the french government, has made it a target to implement 20% of french seas under MPA before 2020, including ten marine nature parks, and at least two overseas by 2015. To date, seven marine nature Parks have been created: in the lroise sea, in the Mayotte and Glorieuses islands, in the Mediterranean, in the North Sea, in the bay of Arcachon, in the estuary of the Gironde and the Pertuis Sea. Three preliminary investigation units have been set up: one in the Normand Breton gulf, one in Martinique and one in Corsica.
At present the Agence employs 194 agents, a number lijely increase to several hundred with the expansion of the marine nature parks as planned by the Grenelle.
Expédition 7e Continent
“Understanding and reducing this plastic pollution to protect our health and our planet.”
80% of the plastic in the sea comes from the continents ... no part of the ocean is free from the massive presence of plastics. 8 to 10 million tons per year are discharged. These plastics carry endocrine disruptors, heavy metals and other pollutants. They are an impairment to biodiversity and have an impact on human health. The time has come for understanding, explanation and action. Therefore 7th Continent Expeditions, is on a mission to preserve the ocean through a combination of scientific, educational and media know-how, backed by a commitment to action and the implementation of solutions.
The Oceanographic Institute, founded in 1906 by Prince Albert 1st of Monaco, supports sustainable ocean management, biodiversity preservation and economic activities that can coexist with healthy marine ecosystems.
The Oceanographic Institute uses its two establishments, the Oceanographic Museum of Monaco and the Oceans Centre in Paris, to act as mediators between the scientific community, marine industry leaders, political decision-makers and the public.
The main priorities of the Oceanographic Institute include most notably: the Mediterranean Sea, the deep seas, jellyfish and shark protection.
A sea job forum held every year presents a wide variety of training courses and opportunities in the maritime sector. The Oceans Centre also gives themed lectures every 2nd Wednesday of the month which are open to the public.
The Oceans Centre as well as the Oceanographic Museum can also accommodate any maritime event.
Planète Mer is a NGO of public interest that aims to “preserve marine life and the associated human activities”. It is a major challenge of the 21st century to reconcile a balanced ecosystem with economic and social development. The programmes of our NGO focus on the management/restoration of living marine resources, the improvement of knowledge and the involvement of every citizen. Its fundamental principle is to develop realistic pilot projects, test them, adjust them and finally deploy and disseminate them. Resolutely forward looking in its search for solutions, Planète Mer intends to sustain its life preserving projects in the coming years.
Tara Expeditions is a French non-profit organization working since 2003 to save the environment. A legendary schooner built for extreme conditions, Tara is the platform for high-level scientific research missions.
Tara Expeditions developed from their passion for the sea, and their humanistic, engaged vision.
The missions of Tara Expeditions focus on 3 main themes:
- Ocean & Mankind
- Ocean & Biodiversity
- Ocean & Climate.
For 10 years Tara has been constantly on the move. The schooner has traveled 300,000 kilometers across all the world’s oceans. It has completed 10 expeditions to study and understand the impacts of climate change and the ecological crisis on the ocean, with concrete results.
Tara Expeditions works daily to increase environmental awareness among the general public and young people. Through its special consultative status at the United Nations, Tara Expeditions is also developing a long-term advocacy plan to mobilize civil society and encourage politicians to act concretely on the solutions we all need for the planet
Réseau Océan Mondial
Founded in 2013 the French delegation of World Ocean Network (WON) is part of a worldwide organization (513 members and partners). It aims to implement actions toward a Blue Society on a national scale. WON France supports Mr.Goodfish (a responsible seafood consumption program) spreading the word throughout France and promotes the World Ocean Day.
Since 2012, WON France has been involved in the European Sea For Society project. WON partners are working together to raise public awareness of ocean biodiversity and encourage public par ticipation. WON members and participants are at the crossroads of several converging sectors: political, scientific, economic, mass media and the general public.
CRÉOCÉAN is a French company created by the merger of CREO, founded in 1948 and ECOCEAN, founded in 1987.
An IFREMER subsidiary until 1997, now part of KERAN (500 employees, project management and planning), CRÉOCÉAN (64 employees, E 8.7 M turnover in 2014) offers a comprehensive range of services focused on the protection, development and management of coastal and marine areas with a constant emphasis on integrated and sustainable management. Its expertise includes geology, geophysics, hydrodynamics, sedimentology, biology and ecology, and management of environmental data.
The major advantage of CRÉOCÉAN lies in its ability to deal, in an integrated way, with all aspects of oceanography from the early stages of on-site measurements to the completion of projects.
This multidisciplinary offer of services is organized in four groups of experts each managed by a Program Director:
• coastal development (coastal and por t construction, development and restoration projects, marine engineering, dredging management, sea wastewater outfalls and sea pumping, coastal flooding and coastal erosion)
• offshore projects/geosciences (renewable marine energies, oil & gas industry, aquaculture, extraction of marine aggregates, submarine cables and other infrastructure)
• environmental studies in the Atlantic, English Channel and North Sea,
• environmental studies in the Mediterranean and Tropical Zones.
(Environmental sensitivity maps, sediment analysis, heritage and marine resources inventories, master and management plans, monitoring of sea outfalls, regulatory studies).
Marine Life Care
Mar ine Life Care is a ser vice company specialising in the protection of marine mammals while preserving industrial interests. Its areas of expertise are:
- the acquisition of seismic survey data,
- pile driving (e.g. on offshore wind farms),
- the use of explosives (e.g. excavation or demolition),
- and all other operations that risk polluting the sub aquatic environment with noise of anthropogenic origin.
Marine Life Care supplies companies with MMO (Marine Mammal Observers) and PAM (Passive Acoustic Monitoring). The firm’s objectives are:
- to protect marine mammals and endangered species from noise of anthropogenic origin.
- to optimise the cost-effectiveness of operations.
- to help promote a positive image of the customer.
- to engage with international regulatory authorities in the exchange of data.
Environmental protection and waste treatment
Building and operating recycling plants for pre-processing ship-generated oily waste into marine fuels.
Created in 2009, ECOSLOPS offers a unique, innovative solution to process ship petroleum residues and oily waste water combining environmental benefit and financial profitability, and providing mariners and ports with an extremely effective service.
The OW2P (Oil Waste Processing Plant) technology combines an innovative petroleum refining process (P2R) with an appropriate clean water regeneration scheme.
After water and sediments separation, hydrocarbons are recycled into two valuable recycled marine fuels in accordance with ISO8217:MDO (Marine Diesel Oil) and IFO (Intermediate Fuel oil)
The concept, which is compliant with international standards such as ASTM & API, is totally environmentally-friendly.
OW2P offers a real benefit to all the stakeholders: port authorities, residue collectors, terminal operators, and bunker suppliers.
The world’s first plant of ECOSLOPS was officially inaugurated on June 27th 2015 in the port of Sines, Portugal in the presence of the Portuguese vice Prime Minister.
Based in Paris, the JLMD Ecologic Group is a global leader in on-board systems designed to avoid accidental oil spills. On the emerging Salvage Friendly ship concept, it has developed innovative Fast Oil Recovery systems (FOR), which are emergency circuits providing permanent access to bunker and cargo tanks. In an accident, they facilitate the work of salvage operators, accelerating pumping operations to remove oil and other liquid noxious substances.
This equipment has already been installed by European, Chinese and Korean shipyards. It safeguards ship-owners from ecological and economic disasters while adding to their reputation all year long.
BIO-SEA by BIO-UV
BIO-UV, an ultraviolet water treatment specialist for almost 15 years, designs, manufactures and offers worldwide reliable and innovative UV water disinfection systems for ballast water treatment, through its BIO-SEA system, in accordance with G8 IMO Guidelines and USCG regulations. The BIO-SEA range of skids can be incorporated on new builds or on existing vessels in modular versions.
Ecoceane is a company created in 2003 and working exclusively in the area of research, development and construction of three ranges of patented vessels designed for the collection of hydrocarbons and solid waste at sea:
CATAGLOP Range: por t and coastline maintenance
WORKGLOP Range: large ports / rivers / coastline / oil industry
SPILLGLOP Range: to fight an endemic oil spill (Classified as Oil Recovery Ship by Bureau Veritas)
Established in 2003, Thomsea is the leading European company in the design and development of Marine Spill Trawls, patented systems for cleaning up oil spills and other marine pollution at sea and on waterways and lakes (crude and light oils, floating waste, etc.).
Using its growing expertise, Thomsea also provides training for crews and operators of small craft in the use of Thomsea trawls on oil spills and emergency cleanup operations at sea, in coastal areas and ports, and on rivers and lakes.
Demolition of polluted structures
TOPP DECIDE is a engineering company that delivers consultancy and management services to industry for the rational dismantling of civil and military ships, oil platforms and other complex industrial infrastructures. TOPP DECIDE holds in-depth knowledge of good practice in all aspects of dismantling: technology, health and environmental safety, industrial organization, economics, law, government policy and communication.
The TOPP DECIDE team has accumulated extensive experience in navy ship deconstruction, and has been awarded a majority of its tenders through international competition over recent years.
TOPP DECIDE develops its international business with industrial partners from both France and abroad.